Offshore Reliability Data Handbook 5th Edition, Volume 1 – Topside Equipment, Volume 2 – Subsea Equipment (OREDA 2009)

A necessary publication for modern offshore engineering!

The handbook contains OREDA® Phase VI (2000-2001) and Phase VII (2002-2003) data, including topside and subsea equipment.

The OREDA-02 is sold out.

The OREDA handbook is prepared by SINTEF Technology and Society on the behalf of the OREDA project and sold by DNV.



Introduction

The 5th edition of the OREDA Handbook was released in December 2009 containing OREDA® Phase VI (2000-2001) and Phase VII (2002-2003) data. Reliability data collected and processed in the OREDA® project has been published in generic form in four Reliability Data Handbooks; 1984 (1st edition), 1992 (2nd edition), 1997 (3rd edition) and in 2002 (4th edition). The Handbooks contain reliability data on offshore equipment compiled in a form that can easily be used for various safety, reliability and maintenance analyses. The 2009 edition of the OREDA Handbook include data from phase VI and VII of the OREDA project, and covers the period 2000 - 2003. The data are compiled in a similar manner as the former Handbooks, and include data on a similar detailed level as the '02 handbook, typically for use in maintenance analyses (e.g. RCM).

Application

The OREDA 2009 handbook will give you a unique data source on failure rates, failure mode distribution and repair times for equipment used in the offshore industry. Such data are necessary for reliability as well as risk analyses.

Possible applications are:

Contents

OREDA 2009 Handbook

The OREDA 2009 Topside handbook (Volume 1) covers the following systems:

The OREDA 2009 Subsea handbook (Volume 2) covers the following systems:

·         SUBSEA EQUIPMENT
Control Systems
Flowlines
Manifolds
Pipelines (SSIV)
Risers
Running Tools
Templates
Wellheads and X-mas Trees

The data in the Handbooks represent data which have been collected for altogether 3904 equipment units. 

 

Data presentation

The data are presented in data sheets for various functions, applications, capacities, fluides, sizes etc. of the equipment. An example of such a data sheet for topside is shown below:

Taxonomy no

1.3.1.9

Item

Machinery

Pumps

Centrifugal

Oil export

Population

Installations

Aggregated time in service (106 hours)

No of demands

4

2

Calendar time *

0.1018

Operational time †

0.0792

480

Failure mode

No of

Failure rate (per 106 hours).

Active rep. hrs

Manhours

 

failures

Lower

Mean

Upper

SD

n /t

Mean

Max

Mean

Max

Critical

19*

19†

121.72

144.86

186.12

238.62

261.64

351.32

42.80

63.30

186.58

240.00

14

45

23

90

Breakdown

1*

1†

0.04

0.06

9.67

12.21

36.47

44.87

13.45

16.57

9.82

12.63

18

18¸

35

35¸

External leakage - Process medium

6*

6†

0.35

0.44

60.58

81.27

214.15

291.26

79.09

107.62

58.92

75.79

8.6

16¸

11

16¸

External leakage - Utility medium

10*

10†

0.50

0.66

95.46

118.26

344.12

421.59

127.16

155.76

98.20

126.32

16

45¸

29

90¸

Noise

1*

1†

0.54

0.79

9.93

12.99

29.48

38.07

9.82

12.63

9.82

12.63

-

-

-

-

Spurious stop

1*

1†

0.04

0.06

9.67

12.21

36.47

44.87

13.45

16.57

9.82

12.63

8.0

8.0¸

8.0

8.0¸

Degraded

12*

12†

2.61

4.47

115.19

143.92

354.81

437.00

124.67

150.66

117.84

151.58

5.5

15

8.6

30

External leakage - Utility medium

7*

7†

7.90

13.04

67.69

85.56

176.19

211.15

55.26

64.53

68.74

88.42

4.7

15¸

7.1

30¸

Vibration

5*

5†

0.37

0.54

47.89

59.66

162.25

198.12

59.66

72.54

49.10

63.16

6.6

8.5¸

11

17¸

Incipient

32*

32†

100.04

152.50

310.91

395.56

616.58

731.12

162.23

180.34

314.24

404.21

3.4

12

3.7

12

Abnormal instrument reading

25*

25†

54.80

83.90

242.28

307.08

539.20

644.45

154.61

177.34

245.50

315.79

2.9

10.0

3.0

10.0

External leakage - Utility medium

2*

2†

3.49

4.52

19.65

25.31

46.60

59.98

13.89

17.86

19.64

25.26

7.0

12¸

7.0

12¸

Minor in-service problems

1*

1†

0.54

0.79

9.93

12.99

29.48

38.07

9.82

12.63

9.82

12.63

1.0

1.0¸

1.0

1.0¸

Vibration

1*

1†

0.04

0.06

9.67

12.21

36.47

44.87

13.45

16.57

9.82

12.63

5.0

5.0¸

10.0

10.0¸

Other

3*

3†

7.98

10.18

29.36

37.64

61.73

79.28

17.01

21.88

29.46

37.89

7.0

8.0¸

7.0

8.0¸

Unknown

1*

1†

0.04

0.06

9.67

12.21

36.47

44.87

13.45

16.57

9.82

12.63

-

-

-

-

Unknown

1*

1†

0.04

0.06

9.67

12.21

36.47

44.87

13.45

16.57

9.82

12.63

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All modes

64*

64†

158.90

238.75

620.35

786.19

1330.15

1592.22

372.09

426.23

628.49

808.42

6.6

45

10

90

Comments

 

On demand probability for consequence class: Critical and failure mode: Fail to start on demand = 0

An example of such a data sheet for subsea is shown below:

Taxonomy no

5.8.2

Item

Wellheads & Xmas trees

Horizontal

Population

Installations

Calendar time (106 hours)

62

43

0.8463

Severity class/failure mode

No of units

No of failures

Failure rate (per 106 hours)

Active rep. time (hrs)

 

 

 

Lower

Mean

Upper

SD

n /t

Mean

CHOKE MODULE

21

10

5.29

27.01

62.59

18.42

27.89

17.5

  Degraded

 

10

5.29

27.01

62.59

18.42

27.89

17.5

    Plugged/choked

 

1

0.00

2.53

11.87

4.84

2.79

-

    Other failure mode(s)

 

9

1.75

24.42

70.04

23.06

25.10

17.5

Connector

57

 

0.00

0.54

2.09

0.77

-

-

Flow loop

4

 

0.02

4.75

18.25

6.72

-

-

Frame

38

 

0.00

0.82

3.14

1.16

-

-

Valve, choke

19

10

9.02

33.35

70.24

19.38

32.69

17.5

  Degraded

 

10

9.02

33.35

70.24

19.38

32.69

17.5

    Combined/common cause

 

8

1.67

28.37

83.47

27.73

26.15

18.3

    Fail to close on demand

 

1

0.00

3.05

14.08

5.66

3.27

12.0

    Fail to function on demand

 

1

0.00

3.06

14.18

5.72

3.27

-

Valve, other

190

 

0.00

0.16

0.63

0.23

-

-

Other

19

 

0.01

1.63

6.28

2.31

-

-

 

FLOWBASE

6

1

0.07

7.39

24.37

8.91

8.38

-

  Degraded

 

1

0.07

7.39

24.37

8.91

8.38

-

    Loss of barrier

 

1

0.07

7.39

24.37

8.91

8.38

-

Frame

10

 

0.01

2.23

8.55

3.15

-

-

Hub/mandrel

10

 

0.01

2.30

8.83

3.25

-

-

Valve, process isolation

17

1

0.23

4.62

13.83

4.62

4.62

-

  Critical

 

1

0.23

4.62

13.83

4.62

4.62

-

    Fail to close on demand

 

1

0.23

4.62

13.83

4.62

4.62

-

 

SUBSEA WELLHEAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is new in the OREDA 2009 handbook?

The 2009 edition covers some additional equipment units than in the '02 edition. Additionally the following equipment classes are included:

Similar as in the OREDA-02 handbook we have included the following information:

This information is valuable when conducting a Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA). The FMEA analysis is further a major part of a reliability centered maintenance (RCM) analysis.

Maintainable Item versus Failure Mode

In OREDA each equipment class (e.g. compressors) is broken down in a three-level hierarchy:

Maintainable item/level is defined as 'an item that contribute a part, or an assembly of parts, that is normally the lowest indenture level during maintenance'. In the Maintainable Item versus Failure Mode table the relative (percentage) contribution from each maintainable item to the total failure rate is given in total and related to the failure modes.

Maintainable item versus failure mode, to be continued

Item: Pumps - Reciprocating

 

 

AIR

BRD

ELP

ELU

ERO

FTS

HIO

INL

LOO

Bearing

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Control unit

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Cyclone separator

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Cylinder liner

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Gearbox/var.drive

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Impeller

   -

   -

   -

0.71

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Other

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

3.19

2.13

Piping

   -

   -

   -

4.26

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Piston(s)

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Pulsation damper

   -

   -

   -

   -

4.26

   -

   -

9.57

   -

Radial bearing

   -

   -

   -

0.71

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Seals

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

Shaft

   -

   -

   -

0.71

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Unknown

   -

   -

2.13

8.51

   -

   -

   -

2.13

2.13

Valves

   -

   -

2.13

   -

10.64

   -

   -

   -

   -

Total

2.13

   -

4.26

21.28

14.89

   -

   -

17.02

4.26

 

The figures are percentages of the total failure rate for the actual maintainable item/failure mode combination.

 

Maintainable item versus failure mode, continued

Item: Pumps - Reciprocating

 

 

NOI

OHE

OTH

PDE

SER

STD

UNK

UST

VIB

Sum

Bearing

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Control unit

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Cyclone separator

   -

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

6.38

Cylinder liner

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Gearbox/var.drive

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Impeller

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

0.71

Other

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

9.57

Piping

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

4.26

Piston(s)

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Pulsation damper

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

13.83

Radial bearing

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

0.71

Seals

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

   -

10.64

Shaft

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

2.84

Unknown

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

2.13

8.51

   -

   -

27.66

Valves

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

12.77

Total

   -

   -

8.51

8.51

   -

10.64

8.51

   -

   -

100.0

 

The figures are percentages of the total failure rate for the actual maintainable item/failure mode combination.

Failure Mechanism versus Failure Mode

In the OREDA database a "failure mechanism"-field is available. The information in this field describes the apparent or observed failure cause. In the Failure mechanism versus Failure Mode table the relative (percentage) contribution from each failure cause to the total failure rate is given; in sum and related to the failure modes.

Failure mechanism versus failure mode, to be continued

Item: Pumps - Reciprocating

 

 

AIR

BRD

ELP

ELU

ERO

FTS

HIO

INL

LOO

Breakage

   -

   -

   -

   -

4.26

   -

   -

   -

   -

Electrical failure - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Instrument failure - general

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Leakage

   -

   -

4.26

12.77

2.13

   -

   -

4.26

2.13

Material failure - general

   -

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

   -

4.26

   -

Mechanical Failure - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

8.51

   -

   -

6.38

2.13

Miscellaneous - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Unknown

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

Wear

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

Total

2.13

   -

4.26

21.28

14.89

   -

   -

17.02

4.26

 

The figures are percentages of the total failure rate for the actual failure mechanism/failure mode combination.

 

Failure mechanism versus failure mode, continued

Item: Pumps - Reciprocating

 

 

NOI

OHE

OTH

PDE

SER

STD

UNK

UST

VIB

Sum

Breakage

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

6.38

Electrical failure - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Instrument failure - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Leakage

   -

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

31.91

Material failure - general

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

   -

17.02

Mechanical Failure - general

   -

   -

6.38

   -

   -

2.13

4.26

   -

   -

29.79

Miscellaneous - general

   -

   -

   -

2.13

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

2.13

Unknown

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

4.26

   -

   -

4.26

Wear

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

   -

4.26

Total

   -

   -

8.51

8.51

   -

10.64

8.51

   -

   -

100.0

 

The figures are percentages of the total failure rate for the actual failure mechanism/failure mode combination.

An example for subsea is shown below:

Failure mechanism versus failure mode

Item: Wellheads & Xmas trees

 

Component

Failure mechanism

ABW

COM

ELP

ELU

FTC

FTF

FTO

ILP

LCP

OTH

PLU

STD

åC+D

Annulus seal assemblies (packoffs)

Leakage

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Casing hangers

Leakage

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Conductor housing

Leakage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

Leakage

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Material failure - general

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Mechanical failure - general

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Unknown failure mechanism

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Flowspool

Blockage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

Leakage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frame

Corrosion

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Deformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Material failure - general

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Vibration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

Hydraulic coupling

Blockage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Corrosion

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Leakage

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to order the OREDA 2009 handbook?

The OREDA 2009 handbook is sold for NOK 4 250 per copy (Volume 1 or Volume 2) and NOK 6 250 for both handbooks (Volume 1 and 2) including shipping/handling charges. Please contact Det Norske Veritas to order the handbook:

Postal address:

Det Norske Veritas
Veritasveien 1
N-1322 Høvik
NORWAY
Att.: ENENO753

 

e-mail:

distribution@dnv.com

 

Webshop:

http://www.dnv.com/resources/handbooks/

 


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Last Updated: 1. February 2010